What is Maternity Leave? How long is a maternity leave?

The first 12 weeks of a baby’s life are a crucial time for mothers to physically recover and bond with their newborns. As research shows, taking time off after a baby’s birth is beneficial for both parents and companies, including increasing the likelihood of breastfeeding longer and being with the same company a year later.

The role of women in business life in Turkey is increasing day by day. Legal arrangements have been made so that working women do not experience difficulties. One of these arrangements was maternity leave.

Unfortunately, many women can’t afford to take that much time off and go without pay because the companies they work for don’t offer enough or any paid leave for maternity leave. However, an increasing number of private companies are now offering paid leave to new parents as part of their family leave policy. The main labor market trends in 2023

What is maternity leave?

If we define maternity leave, it is also known as maternity leave or maternity leave. Maternity leave has two phases, prenatal and postnatal leave. With maternity leave, the prenatal workload of pregnant women is alleviated in this way. However, after birth, they can spend time with their babies comfortably and breastfeed.

According to Labor Law No. 4857, maternity leave is the name given for a total of 16 weeks of leave, eight before giving birth and eight after giving birth. When calculating the duration of this leave, the pregnancy period, that is, the gestation period of 40 weeks, is planned over this number.

Female employees cannot be forced to work more than 7.5 hours or night shifts during pregnancy. If deemed necessary in the doctor’s medical report, the pregnant worker may be assigned to lighter duties. In this case, no deduction is made from the salary. However, the female employee is given paid leave for periodic examinations during her pregnancy. Birthstones: Discover Your Birthstone By Month

How long is a maternity leave?

In accordance with the Labor Law, female employees should not be employed for eight weeks before and after birth, but for a total of sixteen weeks. If the female employee has multiple pregnancies, the maternity leave period is extended, and in the case of multiple pregnancies, two more weeks are included in the period when the female employee will not be employed before giving birth. In addition, if the female employee wants to continue working during pregnancy; that is, if he/she prefers this, the employee can only work until three weeks before the birth with the permission of the doctor. The periods that female employees preferred to work before giving birth can be added to the leave period they can use after giving birth and are evaluated as such.

Apart from this maternity leave period, the Labor Law also provides for breastfeeding leave for working mothers. According to the law, if a female employee has a child younger than 1 year old, the company should be allowed to breastfeed for a total of 1.5 hours a day, and the employee determines the intervals during the day whether this time is used or not. Natural Stones and Properties by Zodiac Sign

When does maternity leave start?

Maternity leave for singleton pregnancies is eight weeks before delivery & eight weeks after delivery, for a total of sixteen weeks. In multiple pregnancies, two more weeks are added to the eight weeks before delivery and it becomes ten weeks. Legally, pregnancy is considered to be forty weeks. Thus, eight weeks before birth corresponds to the thirty-second week. In other words, starting from this thirty-second week, you can take maternity leave by submitting the report you received from your doctor to the company and informing the Social Security Institution.

In addition, if you want to continue working and the doctor does not see any objection, you can take leave for a week you wish until the thirty-seventh week, by submitting that report to the company together with the doctor’s report, and by notifying the company to the Social Security Institution. It is worked up to the thirty-seventh week at the most. The 6 Female Personalities: Alpha vs Beta vs Gamma vs Omega vs Delta vs Sigma

Is the father given maternity leave?

Paternity leave is defined for all private sector employees, public sector employees, and civil servants. First of all, there is a provision in the Civil Servants Law No. 657 in the public sector that if the spouse gives birth to the civil servant, ten days of paternity leave is granted upon his/her request. Weekends and holidays are counted as a leave in paternity leave, which is counted starting from the birth of the baby. It can be given to the company with a petition, together with the birth certificate stating that the baby was born, together with the permission.

Apart from civil servants, another staff that is granted paternity leave is contracted, civil servants. The paternity leave of these contract employees should be determined according to the principles regarding the employment of contract workers. As with civil servants, paternity leave is ten days.

In Labor Law No. 4857, private sector employees are granted a five-day paternity leave in case the baby of the employee is born. In the past, this situation was mostly in foreign-based companies, and later on, it has become a common practice among Turkish companies. With Law No. 6645, the rights of private sector employees are now regulated by law. The legislation also introduces “Compassionate Leave” to the Turkish Labor Law. In addition, an employee whose spouse gives birth will be given five days of paid paternity leave, and in case of adoption, three days of paid leave.

How to get free maternity leave?

Since women’s employment needs to be increased in our country, it is necessary to ensure that working mothers can spare time for their children. For this reason, one of the very important rights brought for working mothers in accordance with the Labor Law has been the right to unpaid leave for the postpartum period.

From the end of the maternity leave, the female employee is allowed sixty days for the first birth, one hundred and twenty days for the second birth, and one hundred and eighty days for other births, in line with her wishes, in order to be able to care for her child more comfortably. If a female employee gives birth to multiple births, 30 days are added to this period, and leave is granted.

How to calculate maternity leave?

Although the duration of maternity leave is limited, it allows female employees to take up to six months of unpaid leave following the completion of sixteen weeks (or eighteen weeks, depending on the situation). Paid leave is taken into account in the calculation of severance pay, but annual regular paid leave is excluded from the calculations.

If the female employee wishes to work until delivery, she must submit a medical certificate confirming that she is pregnant and does not pose any medical problems for working. Upon submission of such a report, the female employee will be able to work up to three weeks before the expected date. In this case, the time worked before the birth and the maternity leave period after the birth will be added. She is not automatically entitled to a full salary from the company during maternity leave. During this period, the employee receives only two-thirds of the full salary from the Social Security Institution. The employee has the right to return to the job he worked before the maternity leave under the same working conditions.

Other similarities can be found in current periodic medical checkups during pregnancy with both regimens. In both systems, the company must give permission for pregnancy health examinations and this period is also counted as working time. How to Increase Employee Engagement?

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