Most of the Gem names have an interesting story behind them. A majority of Gemstones names come from the Latin or Greek root that refers to a particular trait of the gem. The place of discovery or the name of the person who identified it first can also be an inspiration behind a gem’s name.

Here we have showcased a comprehensive list of crystals and gemstones by their name in A to Z order. You can click on the pictures of gemstones to read their comprehensive buying guide and browse their impressive catalog. The products enlisted in our catalog contain images of each gemstone from different angles and a high-definition video of the front and back to provide a real-time shopping experience.

Types of Gemstones

Different stones are categorized into different species, varieties, and groups based on their composition, market value, purpose, and cutting style. Here you can find a simplified categorization of different types of gemstones that are available on our website. At GemPundit, we have featured a quality selection of the rarest to the most common gems to suit varying customer needs.

List of Gemstones by Species

This list of gems stones is organized on the basis of their composition.


These are beautiful inorganic crystals that are cut and polished to form different kinds of gems. They are identified by their chemical compositions, unique color, luster, hardness, and the distinct marks and streaks (inclusions) present inside them. E.g. – Sapphire, Emerald, etc.

Organic Gems

These gems are composed of the fossilized living organism or organic substance produced by a living body. Pearl, Red Coral, Amber, and White Coral are the most widely known organic gemstones.


Certain rare and beautiful rocks are also considered gemstones though they are not minerals. These rocks are carefully cut and polished to form faceted gems and cabochons for healing, for making jewelry, or for collection purposes. E.g. – Obsidian, Bloodstone, etc.

List of Gemstones by Value


Gemstones which are highly valued for their immense rarity and high-end beauty are known as Precious stones. Amongst different gems, there are only four precious stones – Ruby, Sapphire, Emerald & Diamond. Learn more about this precious gemstone, its quality, meanings, and price.


All other types of gemstones are considered semi-precious. Calling these gems ‘semi-precious’ doesn’t mean that they are cheap gems. It is because these stones are relatively more abundant in nature. Read our notes on semi-precious stones to learn more about them.

List of Gems by Purpose

Since antiquity, gemstones have served mankind in different ways. For some, a gemstone is an expression of love while for others it’s a savior to cope with the troublesome situations of life. Many people find gemstones as an attractive form of investment. Here, we have differentiated various types of stones and gems based on their use or purpose.


Gemstones hold a great significance in Indian astrology and are regal gems stones that can be worn to harness the energies of a particular celestial body Ruby represents the planet Sun, read more.


Many gemstones and crystals are said to have the ability to heal the wearer’s body, mind, and soul. It is believed that these stones and crystals offer powerful healing benefits when placed on the right chakra. E.g. – Spinel, Moldavite etc.


These are the fancy colored gems that are primarily used for the beautification of ornaments. Though all types of gems can be used for ornamentation purposes, are those common gems that are exclusively used for jewelry making. E.g. – Morganite, Kunzite, Tsavorite etc.


Many times, consumers (gem enthusiasts or collectors) raise their requests for rare and unusual gems. Our gemologists pay special attention to such demands and never mind tapping the world’s difficult terrains to select an impressive inventory of rare and unique gemstones for collection purposes like the No, Kashmir Blue Sapphires, Pigeon Blood Burmese Rubies, etc.

List of Gems based on Cut

Faceted Stones

It refers to all types of gems that have facets or cuts on their surface in order to enhance their overall brilliance and luster. The gemstones with good transparency and superior clarity are often cut to form faceted gems.

Cabochon stones

A cabochon (often addressed as a ‘Cab’) is a gem with a well-shaped and polished convex (round or oval) top with a flat or slightly domed base. Opaque or semi-translucent gemstones are often shaped as cabochons.

Calibrated Gems

These are the types of gemstones that are cut to a standard size to suit the requirement of the commercial jewelry industry.

Gemstones by Color

A gem’s color largely depends on its chemical composition and crystalline structure. Different gemstones contain element traces in varying amounts which lend them a unique color. The color of different types of gems stones is so enormous that no exact term defines every individual tone. At GemPundit, you can find genuine gems stones in over 1000 different color varieties, combinations, and tones.

Here we have prepared a gemstone chart around their color families for easy access.

Red Gems

Ruby, Red Coral, Red Garnet, Rubellite, Red Tourmaline, Carnelian, Red Zircon, etc.


Blue Sapphire, Amethyst, Blue Topaz, Aquamarine, Blue Topaz, Blue Tourmaline, Blue Opal, Howlite, Turquoise, Kyanite, Paraiba Tourmaline, and Blue Zircon, etc.

Green Gemstones

Emerald, Alexandrite, Peridot, Beryl, Aventurine, Jade, Jadeite, Bloodstone, Chrome diopside, Malachite, Chrome Tourmaline, Green Sapphire, Green Tourmaline, Green Onyx, and Moldavite, etc.

Yellow Gemstones

Yellow Sapphire, Citrine, Yellow, Amber, Yellow Fluorite, Yellow/Golden Beryl, Heliodor, and Yellow Zircon, etc.

Brown Gemstones

Hessonite, Chrysoberyl Cats Eye, Smoky Quartz, etc.

Black gemstones

Black Tourmaline, Obsidian, Schorl Tourmaline, Black Spinel, etc.

White Gemstone

Opal, Pearls, Moonstone, White Coral, Rainbow Moonstone, etc.

Colorless Gemstones

White Sapphire, White Zircon, White Topaz, etc.

Bicolour or Multicoloured

Bicolour Sapphire and Watermelon Tourmaline Gemstones, etc.

Gemstones Price Per Carat

For some types of gemstones, such as Quartz, for example, the price per carat is fairly constant as the weight of the stone increases. However, for many rarer gemstones, the price does not increase linearly with increasing weight. For some gemstones like diamonds, rubies, and sapphires, the price per carat can even increase exponentially as the carat size increases. Using this formula, a 1 carat stone can cost $1,000 while a 2 carat stone can cost $4,000. Although the formula is rarely this accurate, good quality sapphires and rubies in larger sizes tend to fetch a much higher price per carat. Larger stones are not only more expensive, but gems cut to standard sizes, known commercially as gauge sizes, tend to be more expensive. This is because more material needs to be removed to produce the gauge.

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