Do not exceed this volume when using headphones – Devices can cause inflammation and hearing loss. More and more young people are being affected by hearing loss, so the use of headphones and earphones can also be blamed.
According to a survey by the World Health Organization (WHO), by 2050, one in four people worldwide will have some degree of hearing loss. The organization’s data highlights that many more than 1 billion teenagers and young adults between the ages of 12 and 35 are at particular risk of hearing loss due to unsafe listening habits.
Regular and often improper use of ears and headphones also contributes significantly to this, which can lead not only to hearing loss but also to various bacterial ear problems. What are the risks of misusing headphones and earphones and how can they be avoided? This is summarized by dr. Kraxner Helga.
Headphones and earphones can cause hearing loss
Juvenile hearing loss or tinnitus can be attributed to several factors. The phenomenon is due, on the one hand, to the fact that people are exposed to too much volume in various leisure venues, such as clubs, bars, outdoor concerts, cinemas, and even fitness rooms. On the other hand, with the proliferation of headphones and earphones, young people often listen to music for long periods of time and too loudly, which in the long run can cause irreversible damage to the inner ear and auditory nerves. To make matters worse, the home office has resulted in a lot of online discussions, so many people always have their earphones in their ears, which is also stressful, even if the speech isn’t loud. That is why it is important not only to move our body during the day but also to rest our ears, said dr. Kraxner Helga.
In addition, genetic predisposition as well as chronic diseases such as diabetes and exposure to cigarette smoke increase the risk of hearing damage due to sound effects. That is why prevention and the development of healthy and safe music listening habits are key, as well as the fact that the younger age group can have regular ENT scans and, if necessary, hearing tests, during which hearing loss can be detected at an early stage. add a specialist.
What counts as too loud?
Usually, sounds above 85 decibels – such as the sound of some household appliances, subways, and various engines – are felt uncomfortable, and the volume of 120 decibels already exceeds the pain threshold. When you use the earphones, the sound goes directly to the eardrum, which increases the risk of hearing damage due to the increased sound pressure. When wearing earphones or headphones, pay attention not only to the volume but also to the duration and regularity of excessive sound exposure. Make sure that the volume in the “ear” is never more than 85 decibels, and that you do not listen to such loud music continuously for more than 15 minutes.
What happens to the ear during a hearing loss?
Through the external auditory canal, the sound reaches the eardrum, vibrates it, and then the hammer, anvil, and stirrup in the middle ear transmit the vibration to the inner ear, where the snail’s receptor cells (hair cells) convert it into electrical signals. If the sound reaches the ear at too high a volume, it can cause noise, and damage to receptor cells, or other nerve elements that are responsible for carrying electrical signals from the inner ear to the brain. If the nerve cells are damaged, the information will not get to the brain, so we will only be able to perceive sounds in an ever-narrower range. First, the higher tones are mostly lost: some syllables, tones are blurred.
The ability to detect deeper sounds lasts longer. All one-time extreme sound effects, such as the sound of an explosion), and all too much volume at all times can cause damage to the inner ear and the nerve cells connected to the snail. If you experience sudden hearing loss, tinnitus, or dizziness, consult an otolaryngologist as soon as possible – said dr. Kraxner Helga. Also, Read – B2B Lead Generation: How to get the right leads
Ear problems beyond hearing loss
A variety of pathogens adhere to the surface of the earphones, so if used for a long time without disinfection or lent to someone, they can transmit infections and cause ear infections. In addition, the earphones, which fit snugly in the ear canal, block the airway and prevent ventilation and cleaning. Accumulated, stagnant earwax can also cause ear canal inflammation. In addition, it is necessary to pay attention to the material of the skin-contacting part of the earphones, so as not to cause irritation or allergies to those who are sensitive to it, the doctor of the Buda Health Center emphasized.
How good are earphones and headphones?
When choosing earphones and headphones, keep in mind the circumstances, the activity, and what you will be listening to. We need a device with a different design, if we want to listen to music while driving or playing sports, or if we mostly listen to audiobooks, radio, and classical music with it. You can choose between in-ear headphones that fit into the ear canal entrance or in-ear or full-ear headphones. It may also be important for the device to have a noise-canceling function and to be small, light, and comfortable.
The best sound quality is provided by closed earphones that completely cover the ear because they reduce external noise and the sound does not get directly into the eardrum as opposed to earplugs. They are recommended for use in noisy or outdoor environments, or in places where it is important not to filter out noise in the environment, such as at work or on public transportation.
Tips for safe headset use
- Instead of using earplugs that are located right next to the eardrum, use headphones with a noise-canceling function that fits on the outside of the ear.
- To protect your hearing, follow the 60 + 60 rule: the volume should not exceed sixty percent of the maximum volume, and you should not listen to music with a volume higher than 85 decibels for more than 60 minutes a day.
- Use volume with caution when driving or using machines. Not only because the exclusion of external sounds can cause an accident, but also because we listen to music louder than necessary because of external noise.
- Quit your ears or headphones every quarter of an hour and rest your ears.
- Do not exchange plug-in earphones with family or friends.
- Occasionally disinfect and/or replace the earpiece cover.
- If possible, use speakers rather than headphones.
- To prevent this, you should have regular otolaryngology screening from an early age. If you experience tinnitus or signs of hearing loss (such as high sounds or difficulty speaking), be sure to consult a specialist.
Causes of Tinnitus
Tinnitus can occur with anyone, but in the vast majority of cases, the phenomenon remains at the level of simple discomfort. However, the underlying causes can also be inferred from the frequency, intensity, or duration of the ring.