In asthma, which is a chronic disease, shortness of breath that develops with attacks, drynesscoughIf problems such as a feeling of pressure in the chest, wheezing or wheezing cannot be controlled, the quality of life may decrease seriously, and moreover, it may result in the death of the patient. Chest Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Bülent Tutluoğlu can be seen at almost any age. He said that the attacks of his disease can actually be kept under control with the right and regular treatment, and listed 10 wrong information about asthma that is believed to be correct in the society.
1) Progressive Disease
Fact: Unlike COPD, It is less likely to progress over time. Asthma can be brought under full control, especially with the use of the right medication and regular follow-ups with the physician. Chest Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Bülent Tutluoğlu, emphasizing that a very small number of patients have a negative course despite the correct use of inhaler drugs, says that these patients often have to use cortisone by mouth or in the form of injections.
2) Asthma occurs only in people with an allergic constitution
The truth: Contrary to popular belief, not all asthmatics are allergic. In 30-40 percent of asthma patients, it develops due to non-allergic factors called ‘non-allergic asthma’. Due to factors such as frequent respiratory tract infections, and exposure to occupational and environmental harmful factors, hypersensitivity in the airways occurs in these people, and it may develop as a result.
3) Asthmatic patients cannot do sports
Fact: There is a widespread belief in society that patients with this disease cannot do sports and have to limit their activities. However, after the disease is under control, asthma patients can do all kinds of sports. For example, swimming is a sport that is especially recommended for asthma because it works all the muscles in the body.
4) Asthma only makes you short of breath
Fact: Asthma can progress only with coughing, without shortness of breath in some patients. Chest Diseases Specialist Prof. Dr. Bülent Tutluoğlu emphasized that cough-variant this disease should come to mind in complaints of prolonged cough, and said:
5) Patients experience constant shortness of breath
The truth: The most important feature of this disease is variable airway obstruction. Therefore, the information that asthma patients constantly experience shortness of breath is not correct. Sometimes, patients who have no complaints for weeks or even months may begin to develop asthma symptoms, usually as a result of a viral infection or exposure to a large amount of allergen. Severe asthmatics, who make up 5% of all these disease patients, may experience problems such as constant shortness of breath and coughing. Symptoms are intermittent in 95% of patients.
6) Asthma that occurs in childhood continues throughout life
Fact: Asthma is a disease that is detected more frequently in men in childhood and in women in adulthood. In asthma that occurs in childhood, the complaints can completely disappear at certain age periods. for examplelungComplaints may disappear in the age range of 6-7 years, when the development is mature. If the complaints continue after this period, it can be observed that asthma complaints completely improve after adolescence, especially in boys.
7) It is not seen in old ages
Fact: Asthma usually begins in childhood and adolescence. However, this does not mean that this disease will not develop in later life. It can start in the middle age period, as well as in the population over the age of 60, as a result of triggering the hypersensitive bronchi for any reason.
8) Asthma medication is not used during pregnancy
Fact: A significant portion of asthma medications can be used during pregnancy. The fact that pregnant women with asthma have constant shortness of breath due to not using the medication can stress the baby and cause him to be without oxygen. As a result, serious consequences such as miscarriage, premature birth, and insufficient development of the baby can occur. Emphasizing that there is no harm in using cortisone and bronchial expander drugs taken by inhalation in asthma as much as the patient needs during pregnancy, Prof. Dr. Bülent Tutluoğlu said, “If the asthmatic pregnant woman has nasal complaints, nasal spray cortisone and antihistamine drops do not cause any problems. In pregnant women with more severe asthma, cortisone can also be applied by tablet or injection if necessary.”
9) The drugs used in the treatment of asthma are harmful
The truth: Cortisone sprays used in the treatment of asthma mix into the blood at normal doses; and do not cause any permanent side effects. Stating that side effects such as hoarseness and sores in the mouth may occur; especially in cases where the patient cannot rinse their mouth with water after using the drug, Prof. Dr. Bülent Tutluoğlu said, “The other group that can be found in asthma sprays is bronchodilator drugs. Side effects of these drugs, such as palpitations, tremors, and muscle cramps, can be seen rarely. However, these side effects can go away with a short break from the drugs; and if they are continued, they start to decrease after a while.
10) Going to places with nice climates will cure
Fact: Asthma, which is a chronic disease, can progress more severely in certain climate and weather conditions. Especially in areas with excessive humidity, polluted air due to traffic and industry; constitute an important problem in terms of asthma. In some patients, the complaints improve even when these environmental factors are removed. However, this state of well-being is valid only as long as the patients stay in that area. When patients return to the city with air pollution; their complaints return to their former state in a very short time.