What is Burnout Syndrome? How to Recover?: Do your feet go backward on the way to work? Do you feel tired all the time? Do you see your work as worthless and feel empty? Although these feelings are the ones experienced from time to time in working life, if you feel this way most of your working life, you may suffer from the burn-out syndrome or burnout syndrome in our language. In this article, we take a look at what this syndrome is, which is observed to be on the rise after the COVID-19 epidemic, which has faced serious financial difficulties for people all over the world, and ways to recover from this syndrome. Also, Read – Dyspnea in the throat can even indicate a tumor
What is Burnout Syndrome?
The International Classification of Diseases (ICD), the disease classification system published by the World Health Organization and constantly updated, defines burn-out syndrome not as a disease, but as an adjustment disorder experienced in the workplace. According to this definition, burnout is due to uncontrollable continuous workplace stress. Burn-out manifests itself in 3 dimensions:
- Constant feeling of tiredness or lack of energy
- Feeling alienated from one’s job or having negative feelings toward his job
- The feeling of inadequacy and failure related to work
The important thing in this definition is that the person experiences these emotions intensely at work. If the person feels this way throughout their life, they may have another psychiatric condition, such as major depression or anxiety. People with burnout syndrome generally state that these feelings intensify when they are at work or when they start to think about work, but these feelings do not bother them much outside the workplace. Some even say that they feel reborn after leaving the workplace. However, this positive atmosphere does not last long and the feeling of burnout begins to return as the next day’s shift approaches.
Who is in the Risk Group for Burnout Syndrome?
At first glance, burnout syndrome seems to be a picture that people who work in jobs they don’t like will suffer. However, those who experience this syndrome are mostly those who have high ambitions and enthusiasm for their work at first. If the individual has high expectations from his job, the probability that the job will not meet these expectations is higher. When the person does not get the expected return despite his efforts, he may feel alienated from his job, feeling that his job is worthless. The individual who has come to such a point now sees his job only as a source of livelihood and cannot enjoy his job as before. Also, Read – 4 Foods To Keep Your Heart Healthy
This situation is more common in occupational groups where business life covers a large part of life. It has been determined that people of burnout syndrome symptoms are more common in workgroups with longer working hours, such as healthcare workers. No matter how much the person loves his job, when there is not enough rest and distance, the workplace will be remembered with a feeling of fatigue in the person’s perception, and this will reduce the satisfaction from the job and lead to feelings of inadequacy and unhappiness.
What Factors Cause Burnout Syndrome?
As we mentioned above, the high workload is one of the factors that trigger this syndrome. Another is the sense of control felt at work. If the person feels that he is not in control of his work or thinks that he is doing what is asked of him in a passive position, the risk of burnout syndrome increases. Similarly, if the values of the person do not coincide with the values in the workplace, the possibility of burnout syndrome increases. For example, a person who defines himself as an idealist may keep up with an intense working order for the sake of the values he believes in, but if his work is in conflict with these values, he may start to feel exhausted in a short time.
The reward mechanism, which is one of the important mechanisms in the functioning of human psychology, has an important place in this regard as well. The person expects an individual, social or financial reward for his/her effort. If the reward increases with effort, regardless of the form, the person will feel psychologically sufficient. In cases where this reward system does not work well, feelings of satisfaction will leave their place for feelings of inadequacy and failure.
Ways to Recover with Burnout Syndrome
The first thing that an individual who thinks he or she has this syndrome should do is to question whether the job he works for is in harmony with his expectations and values. No matter how ideal the workplace conditions are, the risk will continue unless these prerequisites are met. In such a case, the first options that come to mind are to change the workplace, if possible, or to make an effort to move to a position that is more compatible with expectations. Clarifying the role of the person in the job position by talking to the employer will increase the sense of control. Also, Read – Which gemstone to wear for money & wealth?
Engaging in physical activities such as sports or spending time for hobbies outside of work will reduce the impact of the feeling of burnout on life, even if they are not attempts to solve the problem. If the feeling of burnout is not only experienced at work and spreads throughout life, it may be accompanied by a more serious psychiatric disorder such as depression. In this case, professional help should be sought as soon as possible.
Thinking of work only as a financial gain
Work-life occupies most of the time a person spends awake. Spending your work life as burnt out will actually mean spending your life as burnt out. Thinking of work only as a financial gain, a means of livelihood, in other words, ‘putting up’ for financial income is an approach that is not sustainable in the long run. If the feeling of burnout is evident, being aware of this situation early and trying to make the necessary changes will prevent the situation from becoming a syndrome.